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Causes and Symptoms of Sciatica in Greenville SC

Causes and Symptoms of Sciatica in Greenville SC

woman holding onto leg in Greenville SC

The sciatic nerve is a large nerve that emerges from the spinal cord in the lower back and extends down the back of the leg. There are two of them, one for each leg. The sciatic nerve is the longest and widest nerve in the body.

It acts to control the muscles of the lower leg and also supplies sensation to the foot, ankle, lower leg, and back of the thigh. Sciatica occurs when the base of the sciatic nerve gets irritated or damaged at the site where it emerges from the spine.

Symptoms of Sciatica

Sciatica only affects one side of the body. Common symptoms include pain in the buttock or leg, particularly when sitting down; constant pain in the buttock; a shooting pain in the leg and buttock when attempting to stand up; and burning or tingling sensations down the back of the leg.

In more severe cases, there can be numbness in the leg or foot, weakness of the affected leg, and even difficulty in moving the leg and foot. The severity of the pain and symptoms vary from person to person.

Some people have intermittent irritating attacks of sciatica. Others suffer from chronic mild symptoms. Others experience chronic, debilitating symptoms that significantly impair their quality of life and ability to perform activities of daily living.

Causes of Sciatica

The most common cause of sciatica is degenerative disc disease. Other causes include spinal stenosis and spondylolisthesis.

Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease is caused by daily wear and tear of the joints between the vertebrae. It is more common in older individuals.

Degenerative disc disease increases the risk of disc herniation. Trauma, poor posture, poor biomechanics, lack of exercise, and performing repetitive actions increase the risk of developing degenerative disc disease.

Degenerative disc disease can lead to sciatica.

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis can be caused by arthritis, either rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis. In some cases, a predisposition to the condition seems to be inherited.

Spinal stenosis can cause sciatica as well as difficulty walking, clumsiness when walking, and frequent falls.

Spondylolisthesis

Spondylolisthesis can be due to a congenital defect in one of the vertebrae. It can also be caused by trauma, stress fracture of a vertebrae, or severe damage to a vertebra due to arthritis or infection. Spondylolisthesis can lead to sciatica.


To get started with treatment, contact Chiropractic Health Center today. We will provide a diagnosis and develop the right plan for your needs.

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Chiropractic Health Center
30 Roper Corners Circle
Greenville, SC 29615
(864) 516-8917